To operate a bus on the road, you need to meet different licensing and permit requirements, depending on the type of bus. To learn how to register a bus, click here.
At a glance
Operating a bus
There are different licensing requirements for the 5 types of buses:
You also need to apply for an LTA permit or licence to:
To operate a bus ferrying school children, you must comply with the additional safety requirements.
Buses are allowed to carry standing passengers subject to certain conditions.
You should also take note that buses are not allowed in the Sentosa Gateway Tunnel.
Find out more
There are 5 types of buses. A bus can only be used for the purpose for which it is registered.
- A Private Bus is used to ferry employees or people related to the business of the bus owner.
- A Private Hire Bus is used to ferry children to and from schools or workers to and from their workplace. It can also be chartered out under a contract to a single party at any one time.
- An Excursion Bus is mainly used to ferry tourists. It can also be used to ferry school children and workers.
- A School Bus is used to ferry school children and school staff to and from school. It can also be used to ferry workers to and from their workplace, if the bus has an Adult Workers’ Contract (AWC) permit.
- An Omnibus is a bus operated by public transport operators.
Private Hire Bus
Driving an Omnibus
Operating a scheduled and fare-collecting bus service
There are certain safety requirements for buses ferrying school children.
Increased Visibility for Buses Carrying School Children
Automatic Activation of Hazard Warning Lights
Installing safety features for buses
To install safety features for buses, contact the Singapore School and Private Hire Bus Owners Association (SSPHBOA), or the Singapore School Transport Association (SSTA).
Avoid penalties by complying with the safety requirements. Offenders can be fined up to $2,000, or jailed up to 6 months.
From 31 May 2018, an Excursion Bus, a Private Hire Bus, Private Bus and School Bus are allowed to carry standing passengers, if the bus meets the technical requirements and completes the application procedure.
School children below 18 years of age are not allowed to stand in the bus, when the bus is used for ferrying school children to and from school or to other places for school-organised activites.
The technical requirements are:
- The bus’ maximum laden weight exceeds 3,500kg, or it has a seating capacity more than 15 persons (excluding the driver)
- The bus is fitted with enough handrails or handstraps for the safety of standing passengers
Apply to Carry Standing Passengers
Find out more about buses
Learn more about bus policies on LTA.GOV